Sample QuickApp

This basic QuickApp provides an example of Macro Language code that sends and receives messages to and from an enclosing JavaScript application.

When communicating with an external JavaScript application, understanding how the transmitter and receiver widgets facilitate that communication is important.

In this example, the QuickApp uses the receiver widget to receive a message sent from a web application via the JavaScript postMessage method. The message specifies values that should be assigned to particular dynamic variables. See receiver in the 1010data Reference Manual for more information on this widget.

The transmitter widget lets the QuickApp send a message (via a JavaScript postMessage call) that will be received by the encapsulating JavaScript application. The transmitter widget sends a message whenever a change is made to any of the dynamic variables it references. The JavaScript application will then update its variables based on the values it receives from the transmitter widget. See transmitter in the 1010data Reference Manual for more information on this widget.

This example QuickApp is very basic and uses techniques that should be familiar to QuickApp developers at almost any level. Here is a basic description of what the QuickApp does:

The complete QuickApp code is shown below:

<defblock name="sel_year">
<defblock name="to_plot" zipcode="10017" year="2015">
  <base table=""/>
  <sel value="year(date)={@year}"/>
  <sel value="zipcode={@zipcode}"/>
  <sel value="day(date)=15"/>
  <colord cols="zipcode,date,meantempi"/>
  <sort col="date" dir="up"/>
<dynamic year="2015" zipcode="10017">
  <widget class_="receiver"/>
  <widget class_="transmitter" message_="{@year},{@zipcode}" onrender_="1"/>
  <widget class_="progressbar" display_="top"/>
  <layout arrange_="v">
    <widget class_="dropdown" label_="Select a year" 
     value_="@year" insert_="sel_year"/>
    <widget class_="graphics" width_="700" 
        <call block="to_plot" year="{@year}" zipcode="{@zipcode}"/>
        <graphspec width="600" height="400">
            <chart type="line" samples="100000">
                <style seriescolors="#F26F21" linemarkershow="0"/>
                <data x="date" y="meantempi" yrot="65"/>
    <widget class_="grid" type_="scroll" 
        <call block="to_plot" year="{@year}" zipcode="{@zipcode}"/>

Notice that the QuickApp filters by zip code, but doesn't provide any UI for the user to make a selection on that metric. The input mechanism will be provided by the web application.

The following is an annotated screenshot of the QuickApp:

A. Select a year
A drop-down menu that provides the end user with two options: 2014 or 2015. The values are provided by the <defblock> named sel_year.
B. Mean temperature over time chart
A line chart displaying the mean temperature (in Fahrenheit) for the 15th of each month of the selected year for a particular zip code. The data that will be plotted is specified via the <defblock> named to_plot.
C. Mean temperature over time grid
A grid widget that displays the data that is being graphed in the line chart. Data for this grid is also specified by the <defblock> named to_plot.
The QuickApp itself is defined within the <dynamic> element, which for this example contains the following widgets:
A <layout> element is used to vertically arrange the three visible widgets.
Note: Neither the transmitter nor the receiver widget has any visible manifestation when the QuickApp is run.

The receiver widget is created with the following Macro Language code:

<widget class_="receiver"/>

When it receives a message sent from a web application via the JavaScript postMessage method, it sets the dynamic variables specified in the message to the supplied values.

The transmitter widget is created with the following Macro Language code:

<widget class_="transmitter" message_="{@year},{@zipcode}" onrender_="1"/>

The message_ attribute specifies the format of the message the transmitter widget will send to the JavaScript application. In this example, the message will consist of the values of the dynamic variables year and zipcode, separated by a comma. When either of these dynamic variables change, a message is sent to the JavaScript application. When it sends this message to the DOM of the enclosing web application, the application will store the value of the message as a comma-separated list and process it accordingly. Because onrender_="1", a message will be sent to the containing web application when the QuickApp is initially rendered.

In addition, it is highly advisable to include a progressbar widget in your QuickApp if it is going to be embedded within an external web application. This gives the user a visual indicator that the QuickApp has received the inputs and is running the applicable queries. The progressbar widget in this example is created with the following line of code:

<widget class_="progressbar" display_="top"/>

Since display_="top", the progress bar will appear over the top of the QuickApp. See progressbar in the 1010data Reference Manual for more information.

See Sample web application for an example of JavaScript code that can be used to connect this QuickApp with an external web application.