Incorporating a dynamic drop-down in the dashboard

The contents of dynamic drop-downs can change based on selections in the dashboard or the results of queries, which means your dashboard will always be up to date even as the data changes. This is historically something very hard to do in Excel-based reporting and a big differentiator with using 1010data and Excel.

Let's take a look at how to create a dynamic drop-down. Our original query calculated the sum of sales for one particular department, which was hard-coded into the query. Let's say we want to give the user of our dashboard the ability to select the department from a list of all the departments in our Product Master table. We could go through that table and list each department individually like we did in the previous step, Creating a static drop-down in the dashboard, but since our Product Master table has 59 different departments, that would be a bit time consuming and could introduce errors (for instance, if a department number was entered incorrectly). It would be easier (and less susceptible to error) if we ran a simple query on the Product Master table to find out the list of departments in the table and then used those results as the items in the drop-down. Let's create a dynamic drop-down to do just that.

We'll need to write a query that gives us a list of all the departments in the Product Master table, and we'll need to put the results of that query in a place that our dashboard can access. We'll also need to create the actual drop-down on the dashboard and populate it with the results of our department list query.

Since we already have a worksheet that we use for holding the values in our Aggregate by drop-down, let's use that same worksheet to hold the values for our dynamic drop-down. Click on the Dropdowns tab and enter a label similar to the one shown in cell A7 below. Then click in the cell where you want the results pasted, which in our example is B7, and give it a defined name. Let's call it dept_list.

Now that we have a destination for the results of our query, let's create the query.

We'll need to create another q-sheet, since each q-sheet can only contain one query.

From the Add-Ins menu, click 1010data > Add New Q-Sheet. This will open a q-sheet in a new tab labeled _1010q Sheet (2). Let's rename this _1010q Departments, so it's a little more descriptive.
Note: It is important that the worksheet begins with the prefix _1010q, which is used to identify it as a q-sheet to the Excel Add-in.

Let's paste the following query into the 1010data Macro Code section, which will give us the list of departments from the Product Master table:
<note type="base">Applied to table: retaildemo.products</note>
<tabu label="Tabulation on Product Master" breaks="deptdesc,dept">
  <break col="deptdesc" sort="up"/>
  <tcol source="deptdesc" fun="cnt" label="Count"/>
<colord cols="deptdesc,dept"/>
We need to enter some other information in the q-sheet:

Finally, before we paste the results of the query, let's clear the contents from any previous run. Create a defined name for the range of cells where the results will be pasted. On the Formulas tab, click Define Name. In the New Name dialog, enter dept_list_range for the Name and enter the following for Refers to: =Dropdowns!$B$7:$C$500.

Note: This assumes that our result data will be less than 500 rows, which is probably safe for this example; however, you would want to specify a range that makes sense for you.

Then, in the _1010q Departments q-sheet, we can enter dept_list_range in the Clear range before pasting field.

Our q-sheet should look similar to the following:

To run the q-sheet, click 1010data > Run Queries > In Active Workbook, or press Ctrl+Q.

To see the results, click the Dropdowns tab. You can see that the results of the query have been pasted in the cells that we specified:

Let's create the drop-down on our dashboard and use these values to populate it. Click on the Dashboard tab and add a label where you want the drop-down to appear:

Click the cell that will contain the drop-down. In our example, that would be cell B15. Let's also give it the defined name: department_dropdown.

From the Data tab, click Data Validation. In the Data Validation dialog, select List from the Allow drop-down. For the Source field, you will need to use the following Excel OFFSET function:
The first parameter specifies the range of cells corresponding to the values in your query-generated drop-down list (which we named dept_list_range), and the second and third parameters tell the OFFSET function to start the list with the top left value in that range. The fourth parameter uses the Excel COUNTA function to calculate the number of non-empty cells in the range, which in essence specifies the length of the list. The last parameter tells the OFFSET function that we just want one column of data from the results. Dynamic drop-downs require this OFFSET function in conjunction with the COUNTA function to automatically account for the varying length of the list returned from our query. So, our Data Validation dialog will look something like:

Click OK in the Data Validation dialog to finish creating the drop-down.

Now, if you click the newly created drop-down, you should see the list of all the departments returned by the query in the _1010q Departments q-sheet:

Since we want our main query to perform the row selection based on the item we select from the Department drop-down, we need to associate the choice in the drop-down with its corresponding department value. For instance, if someone chooses "DAIRY DELI" from the drop-down, we want the query to specify department 20 in the value attribute to the <sel> operation. Right now, it's hard-coded to be 19:
<note type="base">Applied to table: retaildemo.salesdetail</note>
<sel value="between(date;20110101;20110331)"/>
<link table2="retaildemo.products" col="sku" col2="sku" suffix="_prod" type="select">
  <sel value="(dept=19)"/>
<tabu label="Tabulation on Sales Detail" breaks="groupdesc_prod">
  <tcol source="xsales" fun="sum" name="tot_sales" label="Sum of`Extended Sales"/>
<sort col="tot_sales" dir="down"/>

So let's go back to the Dropdowns worksheet and choose a cell that will contain the department value associated with the selected item in the Department drop-down (similar to what we did in Creating a static drop-down in the dashboard). For our example, we'll use cell D7. Let's give that cell the defined name department_selected.

Let's add functionality to populate that cell with the department number that corresponds to the item the user selects from the Department drop-down. We can use the Excel function VLOOKUP() to help us do that. Let's add the following formula to cell D7:

This says that for the value in the cell named department_dropdown, search the first column in the table defined by the range dept_list_range, and return the value in the second column, and only return if there is an exact match (which there will always be since we populated the drop-down from this list). So, if the user selects "DAIRY DELI" from the drop-down in the Dashboard worksheet, the VLOOKUP function will search the values in the Drop-down Values column on the Dropdowns worksheet until it finds a match, and then return the value in the Column Values column, which for our example is 20:

The last step is to reference the selected value in our original query. This process is essentially the same as what we did in Adding a static input to a dashboard and Creating a static drop-down in the dashboard.

The line that we need to change in our macro code is:
<note type="base">Applied to table: retaildemo.salesdetail</note>
<sel value="between(date;20110101;20110331)"/>
<link table2="retaildemo.products" col="sku" col2="sku" suffix="_prod" type="select">
  <sel value="(dept=19)"/>
<tabu label="Tabulation on Sales Detail" breaks="groupdesc_prod">
  <tcol source="xsales" fun="sum" name="tot_sales" label="Sum of`Extended Sales"/>
<sort col="tot_sales" dir="down"/>
To reference input values from within the 1010data query, we will need to change the line in our macro code into a formula. We do this by:

Let's go through those steps for our example. Click on the _1010q Sheet tab so that we can modify the macro code in our q-sheet.

First, remove any blank spaces from the start of the line:
<sel value="(dept=19)"/>
Then, add an "=" to the beginning of the line:
=<sel value="(dept=19)"/>
Next, let's enclose the macro code in double quotes:
="<sel value="(dept=19)"/>"
Then, we'll precede each double quote within the macro code with another double quote so that Excel will not interpret any of them as the end of the formula:
="<sel value=""(dept=19)""/>"
Our last step is to replace the hard-coded department 19 value with a reference to the department_selected cell, which contains the value the user selected from the drop-down:
="<sel value=""(dept="&department_selected&")""/>"
Note: You must include the set of double quotes around &department_selected& for this Excel formula to work properly.

Now we can see the line in our macro code consists of the formula we just created and that it resolves to 20 within the 1010data Macro Code section of the q-sheet:

Now let's test this out. Click 1010data > Run Queries > In Active Workbook (or press Ctrl+Q).

When the query completes, you can see that the results show the sum of extended sales for each brand in department 20:

You can also see that the cell for the last item in the list, which contains a negative value, appears with a dark red fill color, which we specified in Conditional Formatting.